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Treatment Options for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome, also called IBS, is a chronic condition that causes irregular bowel habits and recurring pain/discomfort in the stomach. It can occur at any point in time, but most individuals get their first symptoms at 15 to 40 years of age. Women get more serious IBS symptoms than men and they’re also more likely to suffer from IBS than men.

IBS treatment

Although irritable bowel syndrome has got no cure, your doctor can relieve your symptoms with a mix of probiotics, medicines, diet, and psychological therapies. You might need to try a number of treatments to find one that best suits you. You doctor might help you pick the best treatment program.
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Changes in diet, nutrition and eating
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Changes in diet, nutrition and eating, for example, trying the FODMAP diet may help relieve your symptoms.

Medicines

Your doctor can recommend medicine to ease your symptoms.

Fiber supplements to ease constipation when increased fiber in a diet doesn’t work.

Laxatives may treat constipation. As laxatives do work in a variety of ways, you doctor may find you the right laxative.

Loperamide may alleviate diarrhea by holding up movement of stool in the colon. While loperamide can alleviate diarrhea in people suffering from IBS, it doesn’t ease pain, bloating, and other symptoms.

Antispasmodics, like pinaverium, cimetropium, and hyoscine help to control muscle spasms in the colon and ease pain in the abdomen.

Antidepressants, like little doses of selective serotonin inhibitors as well as tricyclic antidepressants may alleviate IBS symptoms, including stomach pain.

Amitza (Lubiprostone) for those suffering from IBS-C can improve symptoms like abdominal discomfort/pain and constipation.

Capsules of coated peppermint oil can ease IBS symptoms.

When using medication to treat IBS, stick to your physician’s instructions. Also talk to the doctor about potential side effects as well as what to do in case you have them.

Probiotics

You physician may also recommend priobitics, the microorganisms or tiny live organisms that may be visible only via a microscope. These tiny organisms, usually bacteria, are similar to those normally found in your GI tract.

Studies have shown that consuming adequate amount of probiotics, particularly certain probiotic combinations and bifidobacteria, can ease IBS symptoms.
Mental therapies

Anxiety, depression, and stress may cause IBS symptoms, so dealing with these problems can help.

There are a few mental therapies that could be tried in order to treat IBS.

Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, involves identifying and dealing with negative thought patterns by finding other ways of acting and thinking.

Hypnotherapy involves the therapist getting the patient into a relaxed mood so they can relax their abdominal muscles and ease pain and bloating.

Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms.

Meditation/relaxation therapy may help alleviate stress.
Make sure to speak to your doctor so he/she can recommend the best IBS treatment for you.